Current Affairs



  1. China’s military announced that frontline troops of India and China had begun disengaging in a “synchronised and organised” manner from the north and south banks of Pangonglake, where both sides have been locked in a stand-off for months which was the first step in the long process of disengagement and de-escalation.


  1. This is the first phase of disengagement with some tanks and armoured elements on the south bank being withdrawn as well as thinning down of troops on the north bank. However, troops continue to remain in key positions.
  2. It would be a multi-step process for disengagement and de-escalation along the Line of Actual Control and would take time.
  3. The Chinese and Indian frontline troops at the southern and northern banks of PangongTso start synchronised and organised disengagement from February 10.
  4. This move is in accordance with the consensus reached by both sides at the 9th round of China-India Corps Commander-Level Meeting.




  • Drone survey under the pilot phase of the central scheme SVAMITVA, which aims to provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India, has been completed in about 23,300 villages of nine states.
  • Property Cards have been prepared and distributed/under distribution to about 2.30 lakh property holders of about 1,432 villages.


  • SVAMITVA, which was launched by Prime Minister on National Panchayat Day on April 24, 2020, has been sucessful in solving property related disputes in the villages of Haryana and elsewhere where the pilot phase has been implemented so far.
  • A total of Rs 913.43 crore has been provided to the Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) in Budget 2021-22, a 32 per cent increase over the revised estimate of 2020-21.
  • The major part of it is provided under the scheme Rashtriya Gram SwarajAbhiyan (RGSA).



  • Centrally sponsored scheme that aims to strengthen Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) for achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs) with main focus on convergence with Mission Antyodaya through capacity building of the rural local governments.
  • COMPONENTS OF RGSA: Infrastructure facilities like panchayatbhawans, computer and broadband connectivity, trained manpower etc. and providing quality training to the elected representatives and other functionaries of the PRIs


  • A provision of Rs 200 crore has been made for the scheme to provide the ‘record of rights’ to village household owners possessing houses in inhabited rural areas in villages and issuance of property cards to the property owners through survey of village areas with help of drone technology by the Survey of India.
  • Implemented in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Punjab, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.
  • 210 CORS (Continuous Operating Reference Stations) are being set up in Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh and these are likely to be completed and operationalised by March 2021.
  • The scheme would ensure CORS network coverage across the country by 2022.



  • The Survey of India has deployed about 130 drone teams in the states which are being slowly augmented with the supply of ‘Made in India’ drones by the suppliers.
  • It is expected that about 250 drone teams will be in place by March 2021 and steps are being taken to deploy about 500 drone teams in the states/UTs in 2021-22.
  • The drone requirements for the SVAMITVA scheme has boosted the drone manufacturing sector in India.
  • The Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) have now developed survey grade drones and supply for 175 units had been given to ‘Make in India’ product companies.

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